teradesa.com The Kingdom of Malacca was a kingdom in the Malay Peninsula that was established around the 15th century AD. The Malacca Kingdom has a long history with kings who ruled during its heyday. The history of the Malacca Kingdom is close to the archipelago.
The Malacca Kingdom embraced the Islamic faith so it was also called the Malacca Sultanate. The center of government of the Sultanate of Malacca was in Melaka which is currently the territory of Malaysia.
The origin of the establishment of the Malacca Sultanate originated from the aftermath of the Majapahit Kingdom’s attack in the late 14th century which was expanding to Singapore.
In Sulalatus Salatin (1979) a Malay manuscript, Parameswara finally established a new kingdom on the shores of the Melaka Strait in 1405 AD called the Malacca Kingdom.
Kings of Malacca
Parameswara or Raja Iskandar Syah was the founder and first king of Malacca. He visited Emperor Yongle in Nanjing, China to ask for recognition of the sultanate.
According to A Short History of Malaysia (2003), the Chinese Emperor agreed to Parameswara’s intentions and officially established diplomatic relations.
The relationship between Malacca and China had a positive influence on trade in the Southeast Asian region.
The regeneration of the kings of Malacca continued. The following are the names and periods of leadership of the Kings of Malacca.
1 Parameswara (1405-1414 AD)
2 Megat Iskandar Syah (1414-1424 AD)
3 Sultan Muhammad Syah (1424-1444 AD)
4 Sri Parameswara Dewa Syah (1444-1445 AD)
5 Sultan Mudzaffar Syah (1446-1459 AD)
6 Sultan Mansur Syah (1459-1477 AD)
7 Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah (1477-1488)
8 Sultan Mahmud Syah (1488-1511)
The Glorious Period of the Malacca Kingdom
The Kingdom of Malacca is an Islamic kingdom located on the Malay Peninsula. The Malacca Kingdom was established in the 15th century.
During the first reign of Parameswara or Raja Iskandar Syah, the Sultanate of Malacca was at its peak.
The location of the Malacca Kingdom, which is close to the Strait of Malacca, makes this kingdom the largest trade center in Southeast Asia.
Malacca’s territory expanded after expansion, covering the Malay Peninsula to the East Coast of Sumatra.
During the reign of Sultan Mansur Syah, not only did the economy continue to improve, but the spread of Islam also became more widespread in Malacca.
The collapse of the Malacca Kingdom
The success of the Sultanate of Malacca attracted many enemies who wanted to target the commercial area, especially the Portuguese colonials.
According to A History of Malaya (1962), Portuguese troops under the leadership of Afonso de Albuquerque attacked Malacca in 1511.
Still in the same year, the Sultanate of Malacca weakened and collapsed. Then it fell into Portuguese hands.
Sultan Mahmud Syah, who at that time led Malacca as the last king, moved the capital to Bintan, Riau. He also died in Kampar.
Although the Malacca Kingdom had collapsed, the sons of the king descended from Sultan Mahmud Syah continued the kingdom by establishing new kingdoms in Johor and Perak, Malaysia.